Axolotl Types | Habitat, Feed and Lifespan (Care Guide)

Last updated on December 24th, 2022 at 11:04 am

Ambystoma mexicanum, often known as the axolotl, is a paedomorphic amphibian related to the striped salamander. The species was first discovered in many lakes, including Lake Xochimilco, underneath Mexico City. Axolotls are unique to amphibians in that they should not undergo metamorphosis until they reach maturity.

Axolotl has low maintenance requirements, and they are resilient, incredibly simple captives that hibernate readily in captivity if temperature and flow rate is well controlled. It’s hard to imagine a more unusual exhibit animal than that of the axolotl, or it’s bold, as well as tame, making it a fun pet to interact with.

Axolotl Name

The axolotl is a salamander, Peter Pan. Although most amphibians leave the water to start their lives on the ground, the axolotl keeps many of its larval features and continues its adulthood in the river. It does, however, grow in size, reaching up to a foot in length.

Axolotl’s name was given after Xolotl, the Mexican deity of fire and fury who could transform into a salamander. Because axolotl was linked with dogs, and “all” is the old Aztec word for “water,” “axolotl” is frequently transcribed as “water dog.”

Axolotls thrive in captivity despite being practically extinct in the wild. They are prevalent in both axolotl aquariums and research centers because of their distinct traits.


Axolotl Pronunciation 

The axolotl has been recognized by Mexicans from ancient times as a culinary item often carried from nearby ponds to the Mexico marketplace. Its meat is tasty and nutritious.

Francisco Hernandez (1514-1578) referred to it as Gyrinus edulis, or allocate, and the region experienced aquarium, partial differential ludicrous, or axolotl, which is still used in Mexico and abroad today.

This is the Amblystoma, which the axolotl is known to metamorphose into. Simultaneously, at the Plaza des Plantes, a single female axolotl was produced twice in a row, successfully rearing many offspring.

The axolotl pronunciation in its Amblystoma condition, child of numerous generations of perennibranchiates, is often seen to spawn in 1876. According to Professor E, this occurred once again in the natural history museum at the Jardin des Plantes.

3 Types of Axolotl

1) Blue Axolotl

Axolotls occur mainly in undersea caverns in any biome; thus, they aren’t so uncommon that you’ll have to look for a special Minecraft seed to see one. Blue axolotls have been the most uncommon axolotls in Minecraft. They, like other axolotls, do not reproduce spontaneously.

Blue axolotl can only be obtained by pairing two axolotls. When two axolotls are mated, there is a 0.083 percent (1/1200) chance of generating a blue axolotl. The likelihood of a blues axolotl hatching is 1 per 1200 since it is about the number of axolotls remaining in the wild. Axolotls can only consume buckets of tropical fish, not common fish goods since axolotls eat only live fish in the wild.

2) Black Axolotl

A black axolotl may be a great addition to the proper tank. Of course, they don’t get along with other species’ partners, but they may coexist happily under specific situations. Because black axolotl love to be alone, they do not need to purchase multiples.

They are delighted with their firm. Some axolotls may be hostile with tank mates, so keep an eye on them if you decide to keep them together. Also, to prevent bullying or eating, ensure they are around the same size. But although axolotls are fascinating animals, they may be hard to care for when you are unfamiliar with their specific requirements.

If you believe you will do what it takes but lack training, make sure you bone up on any required information. The more you learn, the better the habitat and attention you can give to these animals.

3) Multiple Colors of Axolotl Fish 

Axolotl fish contain four pigmentation genes, each of which may be altered to produce a variety of color variations. Brown with gold patches and an olive tint is the typical wild-type animal.

Leucistic (light pink with dark eyes), luminous albino (shining with golden eyes), xanthic (gray with black eyes), naive (pale pink with glowing eyes), melanoid (all dark blue without no golden mottling or olive tone), and xanthic (grey with dark eyes) are the five most prevalent mutant hues.

Axolotl Habitat

Axolotls are far more significant than several other salamander species, expanding to be much larger than creatures found on land. The axolotl is located in Lake Xochimilco, mainly in the Basin of Mexico and Mexico City’s canals and waterways.

Axolotl habitatreflects that they live in a high-altitude waterbody because they are neotenic. This is peculiar to axolotls, while other salamanders have a considerably more extensive range. Unlike many other salamander species, Axolotls spend their whole lives in water.

After reaching full adulthood, certain species have been made to come onto land, although most of their lifetimes are expended under the surface, breathing via gills.

Axolotl Care

A thorough understanding of tank upkeep, cycles, and water conditions is required for axolotl care. Keeping an axolotl might be difficult for those new to tank maintenance and water cycling. Those who have had pet fish and are familiar with the nitrogen cycle should have no problems keeping them alive.

Keep the tank cold, out of direct sunshine, and the water temperature around 57 and 68° F, don’t let it rise beyond 75℉. Many fish and salamander enthusiasts maintain axolotls as pets because of their unique biology, charming looks, and big size.

Axolotls are often sedentary and like to relax on the floor of their aquarium.  For axolotl care, we must follow the practical axolotl care guide. Axolotls spend their whole lives in water, including mating underwater.

From December through June is their mating season, and females can lay up to 450 eggs in an entire season! Axolotls stay in a jelly-like state after hatching. Before reaching the larva stage, they will develop their head and body.

The baby axolotl is transparent and lacks legs until two weeks old. They persist in this phase until they attain sexual development and are ready to procreate at six months. At one year old, axolotls are considered wholly developed.

Poor treatment in captivity may result in the death of a vulnerable axolotl. Though they are more adaptable than other fish, they always have specific needs, such as chilly water, a big tank, and the correct material on the container’s floor.

Axolotls do not require any specific illumination. A gloomy hiding place, such as a pot plant on its face or an aqua castle, is frequently sought.

Axolotls Feed

Axolotls eat snails, crustaceans, warms, tiny fish, and tiny amphibians in the wild. Brine shrimp, small slices of beef or liver, bloodworms, earthworms, tubifex worms, various frozen fish feeds, and fish farming pellets can all be fed to them in captivity.

Consult your veterinarian for advice on how much food to provide and how to feed pet axolotl, as these factors vary according to age and size. Many individuals consume 2 to 3 feedings each week on average.

Placing the food with round-nosed tweezers inside the tank close the animal is one of the most acceptable ways to feed. You can also immediately drop the food into the water as near as possible to the axolotl. If the axolotl isn’t eating much throughout the day, feed it in the afternoon when it’s more active. To keep water fresh, remove any food scraps from the aquarium every day.

Axolotl Lifespan

Axolotl lifespan is typically 10-15 years of imprisonment, although they may survive for more than 20 years if properly cared for. The eldest axolotl is unknown, but their age may surprise people as they grow more popular as pets since certain salamander species have very lengthy lifespans.

Even though the axolotl is a generally short-lived salamander owing to its tiny size, they survive better than many people expect when they acquire them as pets! Their capacity to regenerate bodily parts such as legs and organs contributes to their durability.

Axolotls may survive in captivity for 10-15 years and 5-10 years in the wild. What factors lead to such a significant disparity in axolotl lifespan? These salamanders suffer several risks in their natural environment, such as predators, sickness, and habitat degradation.

Axolotl Water Parameters

Axolotl water parameters include the ideal temperature of axolotls which is 16-18°C, and it should never surpass 24°C. The optimal pH of water is 7.4-7.6. Because chlorine in tap water is hazardous to axolotls, either a de-chlorinator or letting the water rest for 24hrs before adding this to the tank is required.

Axolotl Tank Requirements

For axolotl tank requirements, a typical 2feet long (61cm) tank or bigger is recommended to adequately contain one or two Axolotls, offering them space to swim around it and exercise.

Axolotl tank size should be at least a 15-20-gallon. Ensure that tank has had a tight cover since these creatures are known to attempt to leap out of their confinement. A terrestrial space in the tank is unnecessary for these entirely aquatic creatures. The water level should be somewhat more than the height of your axolotl.

Quartz sand must be used to prevent children from swallowing pebbles, which can cause intestinal problems. Inside the tank, stones and wood can create caverns and hideouts. Live houseplants can be used, but they must be robust and well-planned.

Because axolotls are sedentary and lack eyelids to shield them from intense sunlight, they should ideally be kept in regular sunlight for 10-16 h each day with enough shelter. An air compressor should be given because young Axolotls demand extra oxygen due to their rapid growth. Their blood sugar drops and their oxygen consumption reduces as they age.

Axolotl Tank Setup

Choosing the correct tank size is vital for getting going with any aquatic species, and Axolotls are no exception. Unfortunately, there is a lot of obsolete information about this species out there, including tank size.

Contrary to popular belief, a 10-gallon axolotl tank setup is insufficient to support an axolotl, mainly in the long term. If you intend to upgrade later, a single juvenile sample may be possible. Still, since a mature size of 10 feet is pretty unusual, you’re better off opting for a more extensive setup straight now.

A 20-gallon tank would be enough for a single Axolotl habitat tank. Consider that a long tank is preferable to a tall one since they are bottom feeders with no need for vertical space. If you still want to maintain more than one axolotl, make sure to offer plenty of extra space: 10 gallons for each additional amphibian is a fair rule of thumb.

Axolotl Tank Ideas

Axolotl is a salamander with a highly distinct genetic make-up. They keep almost all of their larval traits throughout adulthood due to an uncommon condition known as ‘neoteny,’ thus, axolotl tank ideas contain all the characteristics of a pupa – from delicate gills to tall, quill-like pectoral fins – even when completely developed.

Axolotls are predators that feed on worms, insects, crustaceans, mollusks, and certain tiny fish. They have been at the top of the pecking order in their natural distribution until recent decades, but exotic species of perch or tilapia pose a danger. They have led to a reduction in their populations.

Axolotls, which are sometimes misidentified as fish, are exceptional among amphibians in that they live their whole lives in the water. Axolotls are often Mexican strolling fish due to their morphology and preferred habitat.

Final Words

Axolotls are readily identifiable due to their attractive appearance. These animals seem to have perpetually cheerful smiles and distinct color patterns. They feature fabulous spiky manes, cute webbed feet, and lobe-finned bodies.

All axolotls are extremely sensitive to environmental changes. They are severe keepers since they require particular water parameters and temperatures to stay constant. Levels of natural filter byproducts, pH, and water hardness must be monitored and maintained to a certain standard.

How Big Are Axolotls?

Adult Axolotls may grow around 12 inches (31 cm) long from snout to tail tip and weigh up to 10.5 pounds. They are aggressive, biting off each other’s gills, feet, and tails. Ambystoma mexicanum internal organs will regrow. Because axolotls are amphibians, their bodies and gills must be wet for them to breathe.

What Size Tank Does An Axolotl Need?

Axolotl fish tank should be at least 10 liters in capacity. However, if you have the space, we usually advocate increasing at least 20 gallons. These critters are notorious for producing a lot of garbage.

How to Set Up an Axolotl Tank?

Keeping a fish tank in the home could be exciting. Failure to correctly set up your tank might harm your new friend’s health and possibly lead to their death. This intractable was developed to help save the axolotl’s life, as well as your mental health. It would also provide you with how to build up a suitable tank for both you and your axolotl.

How Big Of A Tank Does An Axolotl Need?

A typical 2ft (61cm) tank or bigger is recommended to adequately contain one or two Axolotls, offering them space to swim about and exercise. A 20 gallon axolotl tank setup would be enough for a single Axolotl. Understand that a long tank is preferable to a tall one since bottom dwellers do not need vertical space. If you intend to maintain more than one axolotl, be sure to offer plenty of extra space: 10 gallons for each salamander is a fair rule of thumb.

What Do You Need For An Axolotl?

Axolotl thrives in tanks with chilly or room-temperature water and dim illumination. They are tranquil in small groups as long as each person gets 10 liters of water. Aside from a reliable aquarium pump, no extra equipment is required to look for axolotls.

How Long Do Axolotls Live In Captivity?

Axolotls may grow to nine inches (20 cm) on average, although some have developed to a further 12 inches (30 centimeters). As per the University of Liverpool’s The Species Longevity and Survivability Index, salamanders in captivity survive for an estimate of 5 to 6 years; however, some have survived for up to 17 years.

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